Archive with Project News

HighNoon Science and Policy Brief - Adaptation to Climate Change in the Ganges Basin, Northern India Science and Policy Brief with findings and recommendations for policy makers. 'Moors, E. J. and C. Siderius, 2012. Adaptation to Climate Change in the Ganges Basin, Northern India: A Science and Policy Brief. Alterra, Wageningen UR, Wageningen, the Netherlands, p48'.
HighNoon Secretary, Thursday 31 May 2012
Report of HighNoon Open Science and Policy Seminar Delhi, 4 April 2012 (D7.5) Meeting report of the HighNoon Open Science and Policy Seminar, which took place in Delhi on April 4, 2012.
HighNoon Secretary, Tuesday 15 May 2012
Changing monsoon patterns, snow and glacial melt, its impacts and adaptation options in northern India: Synthesis This paper gives a synthesis of this special issue on the sensitivity to climate change of the main bio-physical processes in the Hindukush–Karakoram–Himalayas. It also describes the impacts on the water resources with a special focus on the Ganges. Consequences of changes in water resources and possible adaptation measures for different sectors are discussed.
Eddy J. Moors, Markus Stoffel in Science of the Total Environment, Thursday 28 November 2013
Interdependence in water resource development in the Ganges: an economic analysis It is often argued that the true benefits of water resource development in international river basins are undermined by a lack of consideration of interdependence in water resource planning. Yet it has not been adequately recognized in the water resources planning literature that overestimation of interdependence may also contribute to lack of progress in cooperation in many systems. This paper examines the nature and degree of economic interdependence... More
Xun Wu, Marc Jeuland, Claudia Sadoff and Dale Whittington in Water Policy Vol 15 No S1 pp 89–108, Friday 1 November 2013
Opportunities for harnessing the increased contribution of glacier and snowmelt flows in the Ganges basin The topography of the Ganges basin is highly variable, with the steep mountainous region of the Himalaya upstream and the large fertile plains in eastern India and Bangladesh downstream. The contribution from the glaciers to streamflows is supposed to be significant but there is uncertainty surrounding the impact of climate change on glaciers. An application of the Water Evaluation and Planning model was set up which contained an experimental glaciers module...More
Bharat R. Sharma and Devaraj de Condappa in Water Policy Vol 15 No S1 pp 9–25, Friday 1 November 2013
Article published: 'A combined bottom-up and top-down approach for assessment of climate change adaptation' Focus of recent scientific research in the water sector has shifted from analysis of climate change impacts to assessment of climate change adaptation options. However, limited attention has been given to integration of bottom-up and top-down methods for assessment of adaptation options. The integrated approach used in this study uses hydrological modelling to assess the effect of stakeholder prioritized adaptation options for the Kangsabati river catchment in India. A series of 14 multi-level stakeholder consultations are used to ascertain locally relevant no-regret adaptation options using Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) and scenario analysis methods. A validated Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) model is then used to project the effect of three options; option 1 check dams (CD), option 2 increasing forest cover (IFC) and option 3 combined CD and IFC, on future (2021–2050) streamflow. High resolution (∼25 km) climatic projections from four Regional Climate Models (RCMs) and their ensemble based on the SRES A1B scenario for the mid-21st century period are used to force the WEAP model. Results indicate that although all three adaptation options reduce streamflow, in comparison with scenario without adaptation, their magnitude, temporal pattern and effect on high and low streamflows are different. Options 2 and 3 reduce streamflow percentage by an order of magnitude greater than option 1. These characteristics affect their ability to address key adaptation requirements and therefore, we find that IFC emerges as a hydrologically suitable adaptation option for the study area. Based on study results we also conclude that such an integrated approach is advantageous and is a valuable tool for locally relevant climate change adaptation policymaking.
Ajay Gajanan Bhave, Ashok Mishra, Narendra Singh Raghuwanshi / Journal of Hydrology, Monday 2 September 2013
Article: 'Combining climatological and participatory approaches for assessing changes in extreme climatic indices at regional scale' This paper combines the climatological and societal perspectives for assessing future climatic extremes over Kangasabati River basin in India using an ensemble of four high resolution (25 km) regional climate model (RCM) simulations from 1970 to 2050. The relevant extreme indices and their thresholds are defined in consultation with stakeholders and are then compared using RCM simulations. To evaluate the performance of RCM in realistically representing atmospheric processes in the basin, model simulations driven with ERAInterim global re-analysis data from 1989 to 2008 are compared with observations. The models perform well in simulating seasonality, interannual variability and climatic extremes. Future climatic extremes are evaluated based on RCM simulations driven by GCMs, for present (1970–1999) and for the SRES A1B scenario for future (2021–2050) period. The analysis shows an intensification of majority of extremes as projected by future ensemble mean. The study suggests that there is a marked consistency in stakeholder observed changes in climate extremes and future predicted trends.
Neha Mittal, Ashok Mishra, Rajendra Singh in Climatic Change, Tuesday 23 April 2013